Career in Floriculture – Course, Job, Scope & Top Colleges

Typically, India is considered as an agricultural country and hence careers related to agriculture have got some importance and popularity. Floriculture or flower farming is one among them. Since any business related to flowers plays a vital role in helping India to acquire foreign currencies at a faster rate, Floriculture is the right profession for those who love flowers.The following article will give you a brief idea about the Career in Floriculture in India and different Floriculture jobs available after doing Floriculture courses.

Floriculture is a discipline of horticulture which deals with flowers and ornamental plants. These flowers can be used for direct sale or as a raw material in perfumes and cosmetics.  Growing plants from seeds, cutting, budding, and grafting are also covered in this field.  Throughout this article, various aspects of Floriculture are discussed.

What is Floriculture?


Floriculture is a broad part of horticulture that studies the science of flowers and ornamental plants and its cultivation and management process. The discipline is also concerned with the investigation of rare breeds and adding colors to flowers with the introduction of genetic technology.

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Even though the name floriculture suggests the farming of flowers, this field covers studies about modern tissue culture, latest farming methods, formulation of harmless pesticides, poly house farming etc. Those who focus on floriculture are known as floriculturists. Floriculturists are capable of designing and forming beautiful landscaped and gardens. Their duties range from earth science and plant technologies to how to differentiate flowers on the basis of smell.

Various Floriculture Courses in India


A Bachelor’s Degree in life sciences or pharmacy is a must to enter this field. To work as floriculturists or to make a career in floriculture, one can earn a degree in following floriculture courses.

(A) Diploma in Floriculture

  • Eligibility: Higher secondary (10+2) with biology
  • Course Duration: 1 year

(B) Bachelor of Science in Floriculture and Landscaping

  • Eligibility: Higher secondary (10+2) with biology
  • Course Duration: 3 years

(C) Master of Science in Floriculture and Landscaping

  • Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree
  • Course Duration: 2 year

(D) Certificate courses in Floriculture

  • Eligibility: Graduation
  • Course Duration: 6 months

(E) Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Floriculture and Landscaping

  • Eligibility: Master’s degree
  • Course Duration: 3 year

What are the Career Prospects of Floriculture?


Floriculture is popular not only in India but also in many foreign countries and hence floriculturists need not be worried about their future. Flowers are the largest in amount among the other exporting things when countries like Sweden, Vietnam, Holland, Thailand, and Israel are taken into consideration.

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A floriculturist can easily find a job under Indian Council of Agriculture (ICA). Various museums, national gardens, research institutions, universities etc offer multiple career opportunities for a floriculturist. One can start their own business or research after earning a pass rank in Indian Agricultural Service (IAS) exam.

Top institutes in India offering Career in Floriculture:


Many colleges in India pursue this course. Some of the best colleges in India offering Career in Floriculture:

  • Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishva Vidyalaya, Jabalpur
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • Yashwntrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nasik
  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
  • Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishva Vidyalaya, Palampur

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