Explore the World of Biology with Career in Biotechnology

Biotechnology or simply Biotech is an amalgamation of Biology and Technology. Biotechnology is considered as an evolving field since it comes up with interesting technologies and products for the well being of living organisms. It has an influence on almost every field that concerns biology such as agriculture, where it helps in the creation of products to prevent insects and pests and thereby increases the yield. It also plays a vital role in keeping the atmosphere surrounding us cleaner and safer.Throughout this article, every aspect related to Career in Biotechnology will be discussed.

Nowadays, the world has reached a point where no one can live without Biotechnology since it is essential for fueling, feeding and healing the world. Currently, Biotechnologists have developed healthcare products and vaccines for diseases which were categorized under untreatable diseases.

If you are passionate about changing the lives of people around you, then Biotechnology is the apt profession for you. Get an inside review about the career in Biotechnology in India and different Biotechnology jobs available after doing Biotechnology courses.

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is a broad discipline that covers exploitation of biological processes, organisms, cells or cellular components for industrial and other purposes. A career in Biotechnology involves the transformation of biological systems or organisms with the aid of technological applications for specific uses. It is an aggregate of fields such as Bioinformatics, Bioprocess Engineering, Biorobotics and Chemical Engineering. Biotechnological applications are nicknamed using colors on the basis of where it is used. The colors and the corresponding applications are as follows:

  • White Biotechnology: It involves everything that related to industries for finding solutions to processes happening around an industry
  • Red Biotechnology: It is centered around medical fields and helps in the production of value-added healthcare products
  • Green Biotechnology: From the name itself, it is understandable that it involves agriculture for seeking solutions to various agricultural problems and processes.
  • Grey Biotechnology: It is related to the environment to find ways to keep the surroundings safe and clean
  • Blue Biotechnology: It is connected to oceans and they seek to leverage oceans to develop products for industry

Read Also: expert view: 10 tips to choose the best career option

Who is a Biotechnologist?

The one who practices Biotechnology is known as a Biotechnologist. They harness cellular and biomolecular processes for the development of new products and technologies to improve the lives of human beings and other living organisms. They modify or manipulate biological processes and organisms such as plants, animals, microbes etc to develop and improve products in fields related to medicine, agriculture, ocean, insects, environment etc by conducting experiments and researches in private or public laboratories.

Various Biotechnology Courses in India:

If you wish to pursue a college degree in Biotechnology, then you can go for either a four year (B.Tech.  or B.E.) or a three year (B.Sc.) degree course. Even though students who have pursued these two courses can work in the same industry, there is a slight difference in the subjects covered. A B.Tech. or B.E. in Biotechnology is more centered around the technological aspects whereas a B.Sc. in Biotechnology is more focused on fundamental science rather than the technological side.

(A). Diploma in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: High school (10th)
  • Course Duration: 3 years

(B). Certificate Courses in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream
  • Course Duration: a few months to one year

 (C). Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream
  • Course Duration: 3 years

(D). Bachelor of Technology or Engineering (B.Tech. / B.E.) in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream
  • Course Duration: 4 years

(E). Master of Technology (M.Tech.) in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: B.Tech./B.E. of Biotechnology/ B.Pharm. /M.sc. in Bioscience
  • Course Duration: 2 years

(F). Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree
  • Course Duration: 2 years

(G). Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Post Graduation
  • Course Duration: 1 years

(H). Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) / in Biotechnology

  • Eligibility: Post Graduation
  • Course Duration: 3 years

Read Also: BIOPHYSICS – THE PHYSICS OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM

What are the Future prospects of Career in Biotechnology?

A Biotechnologist can find multiple job opportunities in fields such as pharmaceutical companies, agriculture, environmental science and research labs. One can grab a teaching position in colleges or universities offering Biotechnology. As compared to any other field, Biotechnology is highly research oriented and hence most Biotechnologists end up inside a laboratory.   Since Biotechnology is having an influence on many other areas, this field is really vast and diverse. Having a Ph.D. degree in Biotechnology will help you to own a laboratory for research and conduct experiments on your own.

Top institutes in India offering Career in Biotechnology:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Delhi Technological University, Delhi
  • National Institute of Technology, Warangal
  • Amity Institute of Technology, Noida
  • National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
  • University Institute of Engineering & Technology, Punjab

Read Also: expert view: career and courses after class 12th science

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